It will continue to be illegal to smoke marijuana in public and at locations where tobacco use is outlawed.
Additionally—whether it’s marijuana, prescription drug, unknown substance or alcohol—if it impairs your driving, you’re subject to DUI laws in California.
In 2011—the year after California changed simple marijuana possession to an infraction—misdemeanor arrests involving cannabis plummeted by 85% in the state. The law signed by then-Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger meant 47,000 fewer Californians were arrested the first year for a misdemeanor.
The first full year of the change saw 7,764 misdemeanor arrests. In 2014, the most recent year for which the attorney general has numbers, 6,411 people were arrested for misdemeanor marijuana offenses.
A study by Drug Policy Action found that in 2010, some 16% of people arrested for marijuana possession in California were black, 41.5% were Latino, and 35.7% were white, even though California’s population is only 6.6% black, 38.4% Latino, and 39% white.
Opposition groups to Prop 64 pointed to dwindling pot-related offenses as reasons why a passage of the measure was solely driven by profit and taxation—noting that in 2016 they estimated that only 2,100 people were arrested for marijuana-only offenses—including possession of more than an ounce and holding it with intent to sell.